Finding the Perfect Sustainable Fuel to Meet the Global Demand: Experts

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NEW DELHI, February 2, 2015: The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) and Tata Motors today organized the
International Conference on ‘Sustainable Fuel for IC Engines in Emerging Nations’. The two-day conference is first in a series of biennial conferences, which will focus on identifying alternative sustainable fuels that can help in controlling Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions.

Inaugurating the event, Dr R K Pachauri, Director General, TERI, said: “The growth in road transport in India and the massive proliferation of internal combustion engines in the emerging economies of the world requires all round analysis of choices for fuels to be used in the transport sector to ensure environmental protection and sustainability. Air pollution in the cities and highways of India requires a detailed assessment of the current situation and choices that India, as well as other emerging economies, has in setting directions for the future. This conference will be a major step in defining the future of sustainable fuels and providing a basis for policies and strategies to support environmental quality, security of supply and sustainability in the transport sector.”

Speaking at the event, Mr Nitin Gadkari, Hon’ble Union Cabinet Minister of Road Transport, Highways and Shipping, said: “Pollution is a big problem for all Indian cities. Second, we are importing petroleum products, coal and gas and we are spending a lot in doing so. Our government is working closely on assessing the reach of biofuels and other
sustainable fuels. The first bus using ethanol has been plying in Nagpur for the past three months, and it has been a success till now. We are also in the process of experimenting with biodiesel and bio-CNG. It is that time for the economy and country, when we should give the highest priority to alternative and sustainable fuels. In all
this, we also want to promote our ‘Make in India’ campaign and utilize the home-grown
technical knowhow to meet our demands.”

It is generally acknowledged that it is necessary to limit GHG equivalent levels to below 450 ppm to avoid global temperatures to rise above 20C. Higher levels will give rise to higher temperatures and potentially catastrophic consequences. To reverse this trend, it is anticipated that overall GHG levels will need to reduce by 80 per cent by 2050.

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