Breast augmentation is one of the most popular plastic surgery operations in several countries. However, few realize the dangers of this procedure for health.
Aside from the fact that implants require lifelong maintenance and supervision, some prostheses are also associated with a whole host of side effects. These are systemic in nature and are known under the name of Breast Implant Illness, or BII.
As pessimistic as such a diagnosis may sound, it also has a positive side: it is reversible. In fact, after the removal of the implants, either silicone or saline, a significant and lasting improvement of a dozen of the most prevalent symptoms is observed, indicates a recent study on BII.
Despite the fact that this type of surgical procedure has been carried out for more than 60 years, to this day little is still known about BII. One fact that will leave many speechless is the fact that during the first three decades of implant use, not a single clinical study of its effects was conducted, highlights the National Center for Health Studies in the United States.
The connection between the implants and an increased risk of rare immune system cancer were later observed. In addition, a whole class of inflammatory reactions was determined, especially in women with a history of autoimmune conditions.
At the same time, thousands of patients complained of fatigue, headaches, numbness, and many other problems. Although there has already been a research showing improvement in patients after implant removal, the recent study published in Annals of Plastic Surgery has been the first to inquire about the exact changes that occur before and after implant removal.
Although the study does not provide causative data, it does provide more information showing that implant removal is associated with improved symptoms of BII. In it, the cases of 750 patients were studied retrospectively, whose implants were removed by the same surgeon over two years.
The patients recorded a demonstrable improvement in 11 symptoms that took place within 30 days. Among these symptoms were chest pain, hair loss, skin irritation, breathing problems, memory lapses, and other pain.
Neither of these cases explains exactly how these objects cause all of these symptoms, but one theory claims that silicone implants cause deep inflammation.
“Future research will shed light on potential biological phenomena to better explain the pathophysiology and mechanism of BII,” the study authors indicate.
They also highlight in their document that there were hardly any differences in the symptomatic changes after the removal of the silicone implants and those of the saline solution. The most likely explanation for this phenomenon is the fact that the layers of saline implants also contain silicone.
Although the study suggests that all of these problems could be related to the immune system, the methodology used by the researchers could cast doubt on some of their conclusions.
In any case, the study sheds light on new data that could be a good starting point for future research on this topic.