A new study led by Gemma D. Banham of the University of Birmingham’s College of Medical and Dental Sciences describes the evolution of antibodies against the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein in a cohort of 990 patients.
Patients on hemodialysis who survived SARS-CoV-2 infection developed and maintained antibodies, resulting in a lower risk of reinfection compared to patients who had not previously been infected.
During the first wave of the pandemic (March to July 2020), researchers discovered that 26 percent of patients developed antispike SARS-CoV-2 antibodies, and 75.9 percent of these patients remained antibody positive for a median of 124 days after infection.
The researchers observed fewer PCR-confirmed infections in patients with preexisting antibodies than in those without antibodies during the second wave (defined as October 2020 to January 2021). (4.2 percent vs. 11.4 percent, conferring a risk ratio of 0.37).
Antibody status made no difference in terms of symptomatology, hospitalization, or death.
Image Credit: GEtty