A team of researchers from Canada have identified number of complications that are associated with coronavirus
Specifically, the researchers wanted to confirm which of the previously described complications have the strongest association with COVID-19 and which pose the greatest risk. Scientists analyzed data from more than 70,000 people with COVID-19 in the United States to find out what complications are most common.
The most strongly associated with COVID-19 are:
- respiratory system diseases (pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome, acute lower respiratory tract infection, respiratory failure, pneumothorax)
- conditions of the circulatory system (cardiac arrest, acute myocarditis, hematological disorders, such as blood clotting disorders)
- renal impairment (acute renal failure)
- loss of smell and taste.
However, a strong bond does not mean that these conditions are the most common.
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So, among the most common complications of COVID-19 are:
- pneumonia, which affects about 27.6% of all people with COVID-19 and 81% of patients in the intensive care unit,
- respiratory failure, which was observed in 22.6% of all people with COVID-19 and in 75.3% of patients in the intensive care unit,
- acute renal failure, which had about 11.8% of all patients and 50.7% of patients in the intensive care unit,
- another sepsis, which was in 10.4% of all and 54.1% of patients in the intensive care unit.
Finally, most high-risk complications include viral pneumonia, respiratory failure, sepsis, acute renal failure, acute respiratory distress syndrome.
At the same time, the analysis did not confirm previous assumptions that COVID-19 significantly increases the risk of stroke.
Earlier, scientists have proved the effectiveness of masks to protect against COVID. The mask effectively delays large respiratory drops when exhaling and thus reduces the risk of direct transmission of coronavirus.
It has also been reported that COVID vaccines will be effective for a long time. Experts have found that immunity to COVID-19 remains at least eight months. This means that coronavirus vaccines will protect a person from re-infection for a long period.