6.5 C
New York
Sunday, January 23, 2022

This is the main reason for children’s ‘chalky teeth’

A blood protein prevents the hardening of enamel on teeth that are forming inside the jaw.

Must Read

This diet may help repair damage from traumatic brain injury

There are currently no treatment options for those who have suffered such injuries, though the ketogenic diet...

Who is more exposed to Arthritis? Early warning signs you should know

According to the US CDC, an alarming number of Americans suffer from arthritis, a severe inflammation of the...

A superfruit that helps you boost eyesight as you age

The more you eat this fruit, the better your chances of avoiding early-stage AMD. It's also beneficial...
Kamal Saini
Kamal S. has been Journalist and Writer for Business, Hardware and Gadgets at Revyuh.com since 2018. He deals with B2b, Funding, Blockchain, Law, IT security, privacy, surveillance, digital self-defense and network policy. As part of his studies of political science, sociology and law, he researched the impact of technology on human coexistence. Email: kamal (at) revyuh (dot) com

Chalky tooth enamel – evident as discolored enamel spots – affects one out of every five children, causing severe toothaches and decay, as well as abscesses, extractions, and orthodontic issues.

Now, a team of researchers from The D3 Group located at The University of Melbourne in Australia and the University of Talca in Chile have identified the process underlying molar Hypomineralization, the most prevalent type of chalky teeth.

They reveal in the journal Frontiers of Physiology today that chalky molars form when developing enamel is contaminated by albumin, a protein found in both blood and the tissue fluid around developing teeth. Children’s illnesses appear to be the main cause of this.

“The result is a sort of ‘mineralisation blockage’, which is highly localised to the areas on individual teeth that become chalky enamel spots,” said Mike Hubbard, lead author.

“This discovery allows us to correct 40 years of medico-dental dogma which blamed defective enamel-forming cells. What this dogma couldn’t explain is why chalkiness affects only one or a few teeth in a child’s mouth.”

“We’ve shown instead that albumin leaks in occasionally at weak spots, binding to enamel-mineral crystals and blocking their growth. It’s not a system-wide problem, but a very localised one.”

The researchers believe that albumin leakage is caused by common newborn diseases such as fever. They now intend to:

  1. Determine the specific underlying causes, such as environmental factors or pathogens
  2. Promote their findings to dentists, other child health professionals and parents, so they can all be on the lookout for chalky teeth.

“We can’t yet prevent chalky teeth from developing in the first place, but if health professionals catch them early – when they first enter the mouth – then we dentists can usually save them,” added Vidal Perez, a paediatric dentist and researcher at the University of Talca.

There are several types of chalky teeth, each of which is caused by a different factor, such as genetic abnormalities or nutritional deficiencies.

The team is especially worried about molar hypomineralization because it has the greatest social and economic impact.

“Molars are particularly prone to damage,” said Vidal. “They are hidden away at the back of our mouths, with grooves that catch food, and they’re harder to clean.”

A tooth with significant hypomineralization is ten times more susceptible to decay than one that does not have it. It’s a secret epidemic that’s inflicting a lot of pain.

Mike realized the scope of the problem when he noticed that fluoridation of community water sources resulted in a significant but insufficient reduction in tooth decay in children. A significant number of kids with unknown decay remained. To figure out what was going on, he established The D3 Group for developmental dental abnormalities, a research and education network.

Fluoride, which protects against tooth decay in normal enamel, has little to no effect on chalky molars, which are equally common in developed and poor countries.

Bernhard Gottlieb, an Austrian (and later, American) medical researcher, was the first to investigate chalky tooth enamel, reporting in 1920 the riddle that just specific areas of some teeth are afflicted.

“Building on this research breakthrough, and with appropriate resourcing, The D3 Group can now look towards a medical strategy for preventing this worldwide problem,” added Mike.

“This new avenue of research could one day eliminate about half of childhood tooth decay, along with its disturbing costs to affected individuals and society,” he said.

Source: 10.3389/fphys.2021.802833

Image Credit: Getty

You were reading: This is the main reason for children’s ‘chalky teeth’

- Advertisement -
- Advertisement -

Latest News

- Advertisement -

More Articles Like This

- Advertisement -