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Egyptian archaeologists discover an ancient lost city near Luxor

"The second most important archeological discovery since the tomb of Tutankhamun."

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Kuldeep Singh
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The huge settlement is well preserved. Historians claim that the archaeological layers remained intact.

An archaeological mission headed by the former Minister of Archeology of Egypt Zahi Hawass, in the sands of southern Egypt, archaeologists have discovered a lost city about 3.4 thousand years old. Experts claim that it was founded by Pharaoh Amenhotep III.

Pharaoh lived in the XIV century BC. Historians say that the city developed before the reign of Pharaoh Tutankhamun.

The city, which was called “The Rise of Aten”, was the largest administrative and industrial settlement of Egypt on the western bank of the Nile in Luxor.

Even in those days the city was divided into streets, and houses reached a height of three meters. It is well preserved, the walls of the houses remained almost intact, and many of the rooms were filled with utensils, as if the residents had simply left, leaving everything in their place, said the head of the expedition Zaha Hawass.

The streets of the city are surrounded by houses, the height of the walls reaches three meters. Egyptologists have found a bakery and a cooking area with ovens and pottery.

A large number of casting molds for making amulets and decorations, as well as tools for spinning and weaving, show that the city made decorations for temples and Tombs.

One of the most recent finds of a vessel containing 2 gallons of dried or boiled meat (about 10 kg), has a valuable inscription: Year 37, dressed meat for the third Heb Sed festival from the slaughterhouse of the stockyard of Kha made by the butcher luwy.

To the north of the settlement a large cemetery was uncovered, the extent of which has yet to be determined.

So far, the mission has discovered a group of rock-cut tombs of different sizes that can be reached through stairs carved into the rock. A common feature of tomb construction in the Valley of the Kings and in the Valley of the Nobles.

According to Betsy Brian, professor of Egyptology at the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, in the USA, the discovery of the city represents “the second most important archeological discovery since the tomb of Tutankhamun”, which will shed light on various aspects of the life of the ancient Egyptians.

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