Scientists name animals that carry coronavirus: 44 species were included in the list

    Some species of animals are very close to us.

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    Scientists named animals that carry coronavirus: 44 species were included in the list
    Image Credit: Unsplash

    At least 44 species of animals that inhabit the planet are vulnerable to coronavirus infection. Among them, there are many with whom a person is in constant contact.

    This is evidenced by the results of research by scientists from three universities in China, published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

    In order not to infect a large number of animals with a dangerous virus, scientists extracted their cells. The experiments themselves were conducted by cells in the laboratory.

    Phylogenetic analysis of ACE2 orthologs with potential to support SARS-CoV-2 entry and alignment of ACE2 residues at the interface with the viral S protein
    Binding of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein to different ACE2 orthologs.
    Functional assessment of ACE2 orthologs mediating SARS-CoV-2 virus entry.

    All animals potentially in close contact with humans can be roughly divided into 4 groups:

    • cattle and small ruminants;
    • pets;
    • inhabitants of zoos;
    • inhabitants of aquariums.
    Identification of the species-specific genetic determinants of ACE2 restriction of SARS-CoV-2 entry.

    Horses, cats, hamsters, bulls and cows, gorillas, leopards, goats, sperm whales, dolphins, rhinos, giant pandas, and others were on the list of potentially vulnerable to COVID-19 infection.